The Too Many Uses of "den"
(and it's spelling variants, "dan, ten, tan")
The Turkish Suffix 'den"
The 5 Common Uses of 'den'
Examples of the Common Uses
The 3 Spelling Variations
Examples of the Variations
Confusion between suffix and participle
How to make a Turkish Present Participle
Who out there remembers the great 1982 comeback season for Saturday Night Live -- the venerable American comedy classic?
Our favorite lampooning skits of the
time starred Joe Piscopo and Robin Duke playing Doug and Wendy
-- and they whined, and they moaned, and they complained
about everything, all the time. Nothing made them
happy. They just couldn't be satisfied, ever.
have to be upgraded to First Class.
It seems that the First Class seats are simply
too uncomfortably large for them --
and besides that,
the free Champagne tickles their noses!
do you also remember
the infamous Whiner episode that got scratched
by some TV affiliate stations just before air time --
because of the controversial nature of the subject?
Whiners Clueless about the 'den' Suffix ???
Doug: This is awful, I can't take any more <moan>
Wendy: I mostly hate the 5 categories of use/meaning. How can I know which category is which? <whine>
Doug: That's nothing. What about the 3 spelling variations? I mean, wouldn't 2 be enough? <sigh>
Wendy: But, that's not the worst of it. Do you realize how easy it is to confuse the 'den' suffix with the endings found on certain 'present participles'? <grrrr>
Doug: And, they say the only way to find out how to use it correctly is by visiting The Learning Practical Turkish website <bleat>
Huh? You mean I gotta get an Internet Account? Oh, no!
Even The Whiners got it right sometimes.
Click here for
lots more examples of each of the 5 Common Uses...
This isn't as mysterious as it may first
seem. And if you'll remember that the Turkish language always
strives for a harmonious sound, it's not such an horrific task
to cater for these minor spelling variations.
So before you set about attaching 'den'
to an attachee word you need to be conscious of two points.
Firstly, if the attachee word ends in ç,
f, h, k, p, s, s,
t then the 'd' in 'den' must change to 't'
before the attachment takes place.
Secondly, the 'e' in 'den'
(or 'ten') may have to change to 'a' depending on
the last vowel in the attachee word -- in accordance with the Rule
of Vowel Harmony.
Yup, it's possible to be confused at first,
but only with a very few present participles.
what's the standard way to make one in Turkish?
So don't fret.
The book having most influence
on modern Turkish writers is Ince Mehmed
(Mehmed, My Hawk).
In this case, the 'den' in 'eden'
is not the suffix.
The suffix, in this case, is 'en' -- and it aids
the formation of the present participle 'eden' meaning
'having' (in this case, when it's used with with tesir; influence).
And the spelling of 'eden' arises as follows:
The infinitive form of the verb is etmek;
to make, do.
To make the present participle of this verb, you start in
the standard way to create any present participle
of any verb.
That is, you strip the verb ending (in
this case 'mek') giving the verb stem 'et' and then
Ahhh, but that's not quite right because, as you add the suffix 'en' to the stem of this particular (exceptional) verb, you must change the 't' of 'et' to 'd'.
are just a few verb stems in Turkish
for which the final 't' changes to 'd' when a vowel
is added. And the stem of etmek is one of them. Another
one is the stem of gitmek; to
A person can fall into his own trap.
[The one going to the hunt will be caught.]
Don't feel bad.
(our beloved, dearly departed)
used to say
about the Turkish language